What Is Gingivitis and What Is Periodontitis

Are your gums inflamed and do they easily bleed during tooth brushing? Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. Periodonitis is more serious. Prevent them both with daily brushing, flossing, and regular cleaning by our dentists or hygienist.

Gingivitis (gum inflammation) and  Periodontitis (the more serious gum disease) are infections that affect the bones and tissues surrounding the teeth. These diseases are also referred to as periodontal diseases.

The first stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis - 'inflammation of gums'. The most common signs of gingivitis are inflammation, redness and BLEEDING of the gums while brushing or flossing. The inflammation is mainly caused due to improper oral hygiene for as little as few days. Lack of oral hygiene can facilitate the multiplication of bacteria in the areas near to gums causing gingivitis.

Gingivitis is reversible and can be prevented if caught in its early stages. Hence it is important to see a Hygienist who will not only treat and prevent gum disease, but will give you the control to prevent it yourself at home with a better oral hygiene regime. It is extremely important to control and prevent gingivitis because if left untreated it can lead to periodontist.

Periodontitis is the second stage of gum disease. As the action of bacteria continues for a long period, the bacteria tend to colonize around the smooth surface of the teeth adjacent to the gum. This results in the formation of a biofilm, known as plaque. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place.

Periodontitis is a serious irreversible disease that results in the disruption of the periodontal ligaments, and the bone that support the teeth. If not treated, the bone, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed. The teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.

 Periodontitis can have many forms. The most frequently detected forms are as follows:

Types of Gum Infection
Types of Gum Infection









At Hobsonville point dental , our Dental Hygienist/Therapist & two dentists, Andrea ,Tristan are here to assess & help with all aspects of oral health care & gum treatments, from simple scaling and polishing to complex periodontal problems

Arrange an appointment with us at Hobsonville Point Dental today via our online booking system Click here to book online

Posted by Waronga

Hobsonville Point Dental is proud to help the good people of the Hobsonville with all their dental requirements; especially in our mission to assess your gums and help you eradicate gum infection / periodontitis - give a us a call 09320050


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